There are currently over 200 different Kennel Club recognized dog breeds, which means there is a lot to learn. Each dog breed belongs to a specific group, there are seven groups in total. The Kennel Club dog groups are gundog, hound, pastoral, terrier, toy, utility, and working.
If you are going to try and learn as many dog breeds as you can it helps to know a bit about the different groups. Each group has a job or a purpose and it’s easier to memorize dogs by their specified group. Not everyone needs to learn all of the dog breeds. However, knowing a little bit about the different dog breeds out there can help you to make better decisions when choosing a dog.
Every breed has its own special characteristics, whether it comes to the dogs’ personality or looks.
However, sometimes physical description can be a problem when talking a particular breed, as it sounds very similar, if not the same, to another breed.
These 30 breeds are the ones who get wrapped up in a case of mistaken identity the most.
#1 Alaskan Malamute & Husky
#2 Akita Inu & Shiba Inu
akita_of_fuennooka,musa_shiba_329 – The first thing that becomes apparent when looking at these two breeds is their size—the Akita grows to be much larger than the Shiba Inu. As far as their weight is concerned, Akitas can weigh between 70 to 130 pounds while the Shiba Inu typically weighs up to 23 pounds. In addition to this, Akitas are prone to drooling, whereas a Shiba Inu wouldn’t do it.
#3 Belgian Malinois & German Shepherd Dog
malinois_universe,germanshepherrds – Not only are the Belgian Malinois and German shepherd dogs similar in size with similar fur coloring, but they both often do military and police work. However, the Belgian was developed in Belgium (obviously) for herding and has been adapted for service work recently, whereas the German shepherd has been bred to be a utility dog from the very beginning. As far as their looks go, the Malinois are more slender, smaller, lighter, and have shorter hair in comparison to the German shepherds.
#4 Golden Retriever & Labrador Retriever
#5 Whippet & Italian Greyhound
whippet_doggo_luna,iggiesoftheworld – Both of these adorable creatures resemble miniature greyhounds with their slender bodies and pointy heads, and they likely share a common ancestor, too. The Italian greyhound originated back in the Middle Ages and it is yet unknown whether the dogs were used for hunting, or kept as family friends. The whippet, though, was developed purely for hunting in the open fields. In 18th-century England, these dogs were known as “the poor man’s greyhound.” While very similar, the two breeds differ in their size. The whippet usually stands at 18 to 22 inches tall, while the Italian greyhound grows to be only 13 to 15 inches tall.
#6 Bernese Mountain Dog & Greater Swiss Mountain Dog
pepper.theberner,harpertheswissy – The two breeds sure have a lot in common—like a tri-color coat with a white blaze on their face, Swiss origins, and equally loyal nature. However, the Greater Swiss weighs more (sometimes males can weigh as much as 140 pounds) and is more muscular. In comparison, the Bernese mountain dog is more fluffy than muscular (thus sheds considerably more) and usually weighs up to 115 pounds.
#7 Beagle & American Foxhound
beagle_ali_y_simon,benjithefoxhound – Both of these cuties make great family pets, are sweet-tempered and easy-going. However, as with the majority of breeds, their main difference is size. Beagles are typically much shorter and lighter, standing 15 inches tall and weighing 35 pounds, whereas the American foxhound is usually 25 inches tall and weighs around 65 pounds.
#8 Puli & Komondor
#9 Collie & Scottish Shepherd Sheltie
collie_jessicka,maryaaag – While both obviously adorable, collies and Shelties differ in size—Shelties are much smaller than collies. In addition to this, collies’ muzzles are longer. Unfortunately, both are prone to some genetic issues, including eye problems and seizures. Both of these breeds are great with children, and are overall friendly and sociable. However, collies can tend to be more quiet and reserved than Shelties.
#10 Chihuahua & Russian Toy Terrier
pauli.nskii,cielo_estelado – While both are seemingly very similar, Chihuahuas and Russian Toys have some differences, too. Firstly—their country of origin, as Chihuahuas originated in Mexico, whereas the origins of the Russian Toy dog are probably self-explanatory. They come in similar size and their weight is similar, as well. However, the head of the Chihuahua is usually more round, whereas its Russian counterpart has a longer muzzle, and usually a leaner body.
#11 Vizsla & Rhodesian Ridgeback
donna_primadonna_,rhodesianridgeback.lovers – These striking beauties both are muscular and come with gorgeous red-tinted coats. However, the Rhodesian ridgeback got his name for a reason—the thing that differentiates it from the Vizsla is the ridge of hair running the opposite direction along the back of the Rhodesian ridgeback. Both of the breeds were bred for hunting, though: the Rhodesian (dubbed the lion dog) originates from Africa, while the Vizsla originates from Hungary. Today, Vizslas are used in TSA and for search and rescue missions.
#12 Lhasa Apso & Shih Tzu
#13 French Bulldog & Boston Terrier
sirhenry_frenchbulldog,ednameetsworld – In comparison to Boston terriers, Frenchies are usually built with a larger bone structure and are generally more muscular, whereas Boston terriers have longer legs and come with tuxedo-style markings. In addition to this, Frenchies have a square-shaped head and erect bat-like ears, while the ears of the Boston terrier are pointed and their heads are round.
#14 Saint Bernard & Moscow Watchdog
walterstbernard,ilai_uus – While the St. Bernard originated from Switzerland, and the Moscow watchdog—from Russia, they do have something in common besides their looks, and that is their ancestors. Apparently, the Moscow watchdog descends from crosses between the St. Bernard and Caucasian shepherd dog. While the two breeds are similar in their height, St. Bernards may weigh around 20kg (44 pounds) more than Moscow watchdogs. In addition to this, while St. Bernards may require more maintenance, they’re used for search and rescue, while their Russian counterparts are not.