Man Re-discovers Missive Underground City While Renovating His House- It Used to Host 20.000 People

Photo: Nevit Dilmen [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons

Welcome to Derinkuyu — the underground city.

Picture this. It’s 1963, and you’re on a construction crew renovating your home. You bring your sledgehammer down on a soft stone wall, and it all crumbles away, revealing a large, snaking passageway so long that you can’t see where it ends. This is the true story of how the undercity at Derinkuyu was re-discovered. While those workers knew they’d found something special, they couldn’t know just how massive their discovery had been.

This ancient 18-story underground city used to house up to 20.000 people, and it’s one of the largest underground cities in the world. Located in Cappadocia, Turkey, this is one of over 200 subterranean cities that were carved into the volcanic rock. What make it even more impressive it’s the city’s depth of over 250 feet (76 meters), as well as the demands of a population living underground.

Cappadocia is a region in central Anatolia, Turkey.

As impossible as it sounds people used ot live there with all the necessities like fresh water, stables, places of worship, even some luxuries like wineries and oil presses.

Ancient volcanic eruptions allowed Derinkuyu to exist. Several million years ago, layers upon layers of ash, aka tuff, built up and eventually turned into a stable rock that’s also capable of being carved. Long after the eruptions, Cappadocia inhabitants realized that they could carve their dwellings into the rock and underground. It is believed that the city was started by Phrygians, an Indo-European people, in the 8th to 7th centuries BCE.

After the population became Christian in Roman times, they began to include chapels in their city, but also it is thought that Christian population used this underground city to escape persecution by the Romans.

Though not ideal for the claustrophobic people, these ancient cultures tried to make life as safe and comfortable as possible in the underground city. There were doors weighing up to 1,000 pounds to ensure that invaders could not gain entry. There were more than 50 ventilation shafts to bring in fresh air, with air ducts to distribute it all. The waste was all stored in pots and then transported aboveground whenever possible.

Although the idea of an underground city might seem terrifying, this one in particular was equipped with almost all necessities to make life as easy as possible. There were areas for livestock and numerous wells to provide drinking water. Communal rooms, kitchens, bathrooms, schools, animal stables, wine cellars, and oil presses were all found beneath the surface of the Earth.

Illustration via reddit

Derinkuyu it’s opened to the public since 1965, along with Kaymakli, and they’re a well know tourist attraction in the region. Only 8 out of 18 levels are accessible , that’s still an incredible opportunity to see man’s ability to adapt to their circumstances.

Entrances with round stone doors weighing up to 1,000 pounds (Photo: Nevit Dilmen [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons)

Photo: Nevit Dilmen [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons

Photo: Nevit Dilmen [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons

Photo: Nevit Dilmen [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons

20 Pictures of German Shepherds That Show You How Adorable and Loving They Are

I believe you all have heard of German Shepherds. They are the most steadfastly loyal companions, and consistently rank at the top of the most popular dog breeds, and it’s easy to see why. German shepherd dogs (GSD) are noble, diligent, loyal, and highly intelligent dogs. They are large in size and have very streamlined, athletic builds that make them both strong and agile.

Though they are excellent herding dogs, German shepherds are very well suited to work as service animals, such as guide dogs for the blind. They are excellent performing as working dogs, especially in police and military operations. They also make highly effective guard dogs. Of course, the German shepherd dog also makes a wonderful companion in the right home.

One of the most recognizable breeds today, German shepherds are celebrated for their impressive balance of power and grace. They surely mark a presence in your heart as well. To all of those who own a German shepherd, they will strongly agree to that fact.

Below we’ve made a list of their adorable pictures, and they will make you fall in love with this breed once more.

1. My boy Kenzo, my soulmate. He’s a real gentle giant with a puppy personality. 

                        Kennym00n

2. My baby had a photoshoot and I chose the photo that really shows her personality 

                                oiwtfm8 

3. My baby girl met her brother again after 3 weeks 

                     MiniMiaBoss

4. I, for one, feel safer knowing there’s a German Shepherd in the Oval Office. 

                           lklement 

5. Finally broke it to her that she was adopted. 

                           Anutka25

6. My family has always had a love for shepherds 

                   heathrawr101

7. Now this is funny and cute 

                             DevinG3 

8. My Flynn 8 Months old – for contrast My husband is 6ft 2in 

                              Allula102

9. Our boy passed his test, he is officially a therapy dog! 

                        ThatsSooMe 

10. Me and my boy, Bauer 

              LandSharkSupply 

11. Went to the shelter just to see, came home with this beautiful boy. Meet Fenrir aka Finn.

                  xceptn2therule 

12. This pup helped me survive through medical school 

                               rhettb13 

13. Meeka realized she can stand in the pool 

                             Sirjangly 

14. People tend to be scared of my pup when I take her out but she’s probably more loving than most people tbh 

                        elbikter

15. We’re super cute. Give us your lunch! 

                         KatAttack07 

16. We found Lucy on a desert highway when she was 4 weeks old, today she celebrates 10 months. 

                        KingJewffrey 

17. She’s just so cute I can hardly stand it! 

                         keekslarue 

18. Levi sporting a baby carhartt coat 

                     alexandria666

19. Kato mastered “sit” and “stay, so now we are moving on to “defensive driving” 

                                Reddit

20. I just can’t get over his face 

                                   0x211

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