Paleolithic Bison Sculptures Found Perfectly Preserved in a French Cave


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Art has been present since the dawn of time. Prehistoric cave painting are found in grottos and on cliffs around the world. It is a very significant tool of remembering the past. However, sculpture is not something that has been very common back then, especially when we talk about the prehistoric art. But a new found has fascinated the archeologists. A system of three large caves, found in southwest France, close to the River Volp has presented some of the finest examples of Paleolithic art in Europe. Among the wonders of the cave, is a small sculpture of two bison sculpted in clay. This piece of art is presumed to date back to about 13,000 BCE and offers a mysterious clue to scholars interested in early Magdalenian culture.

Henri Breuil, Émile Cartailhac, and Henri Bégouën and his sons in front of the entrance to the Cave of Tuc d’Audoubert in July 1912. (Photo: Wikimedia Commons [Public domain])

The cave was first explored in 1912 by Henri Bégouën and his three teenage sons. The system of caverns is technically three separate caves, only two of which are connected. They were called Trois-Frères (three brothers), Enlène, and Tuc d’Audoubert, the three caves contain three levels. Their walls were engraved and painted with paleolithic art.

Careful exploration of the caves turned up hundreds of examples of artwork by the Stone Age Magdalenian peoples. These ancient humans were known to hunt reindeer, horses, and other big game during the waning of the Ice Age. Their ancient living and ritual sites have been found in France and Spain and include cave art, engraved bones, and other artifacts.

The discoveries at the three caves added to the repertoire of ancient art attributed to the culture. Along with the images of familiar animals that were engraved in the walls of the caves, there are still some figures that remain mysterious. The most famous example is the painting of an animal hybrid walking upright with horns. The sketch recorded by Henri Breuil appears to be a man-animal mystical figure,  but its symbol it’s still unknown.

A cave painting inside the Cave of the Trois-Frères (Three Brothers), originally dubbed “the Sorcerer.” The above drawing is based on the original sketches of Henri Breuil. (Photo: Wikimedia Commons [Public domain])

The most exciting discovery for sure it’s known as the Room of the Bison, where the bison sculpture was found. . The work is only about 18 inches tall but remarkable for the detail with which it depicts a male and female bison who appear to be close to mating. Their very realistic appearance was created using a combination of hand and tool. The clay used was clearly carved from the wall of an adjoining cavern.

Despite the almost 15,000 years which have passed since its creation, the sculpture is still in generally good condition. The beauty of his prehistoric bison statue is undeniable, but its meaning and importance to the original inhabitants of the caves are still quite gloomy. It is suspected that the statue had a ritualistic purpose.

As mysterious as these caves are stretched between thousands of years ago until modern times, they still remain an object of fascination, investigation, and speculation.

                                 Magdalenian tools dating from between 17,000 and 9,000 BCE. Found in Abri de la Madeleine, Dordogne, France. (Photo: World Imaging via Wikimedia Commons [CC BY-SA 3.0])


20 Pictures of German Shepherds That Show You How Adorable and Loving They Are

I believe you all have heard of German Shepherds. They are the most steadfastly loyal companions, and consistently rank at the top of the most popular dog breeds, and it’s easy to see why. German shepherd dogs (GSD) are noble, diligent, loyal, and highly intelligent dogs. They are large in size and have very streamlined, athletic builds that make them both strong and agile.

Though they are excellent herding dogs, German shepherds are very well suited to work as service animals, such as guide dogs for the blind. They are excellent performing as working dogs, especially in police and military operations. They also make highly effective guard dogs. Of course, the German shepherd dog also makes a wonderful companion in the right home.

One of the most recognizable breeds today, German shepherds are celebrated for their impressive balance of power and grace. They surely mark a presence in your heart as well. To all of those who own a German shepherd, they will strongly agree to that fact.

Below we’ve made a list of their adorable pictures, and they will make you fall in love with this breed once more.

1. My boy Kenzo, my soulmate. He’s a real gentle giant with a puppy personality. 


2. My baby had a photoshoot and I chose the photo that really shows her personality 


3. My baby girl met her brother again after 3 weeks 


4. I, for one, feel safer knowing there’s a German Shepherd in the Oval Office. 


5. Finally broke it to her that she was adopted. 


6. My family has always had a love for shepherds 


7. Now this is funny and cute 


8. My Flynn 8 Months old – for contrast My husband is 6ft 2in 


9. Our boy passed his test, he is officially a therapy dog! 


10. Me and my boy, Bauer 


11. Went to the shelter just to see, came home with this beautiful boy. Meet Fenrir aka Finn.


12. This pup helped me survive through medical school 


13. Meeka realized she can stand in the pool 


14. People tend to be scared of my pup when I take her out but she’s probably more loving than most people tbh 


15. We’re super cute. Give us your lunch! 


16. We found Lucy on a desert highway when she was 4 weeks old, today she celebrates 10 months. 


17. She’s just so cute I can hardly stand it! 


18. Levi sporting a baby carhartt coat 


19. Kato mastered “sit” and “stay, so now we are moving on to “defensive driving” 


20. I just can’t get over his face 


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